Here is a poll baffler from Gallup:
Less Than Half of Americans Consider Tax Bill Too High
Solid majority believe what they pay is fair, although low-income Americans are less satisfied
PRINCETON, NJ -- As tax filing day looms, Americans fall into two closely matched camps: those who believe the amount they pay in federal income tax is too high (46%) and those who consider it "about right" (47%). Just 3% consider their taxes too low.
Low-Income Adults Find Taxes Most Onerous, Least Fair
Low-income adults appear to be the least satisfied with what they pay in taxes, as 50% say their taxes are too high; 44% say they are about right or too low. By contrast, Americans earning $75,000 or more are almost evenly divided about their tax bill, and middle-income earners tilt toward being satisfied, with 54% saying their taxes are either about right or too low.
Nowhere does Gallup mention the estimate that roughly 40% to 50% of households pay *no* Federal income tax (although they surely are subject to payroll taxes, state and local taxes, sales taxes, and property taxes).
One possible answer - what Gallup asked about was "income taxes" but what respondents heard may have been "taxes".
Or, low income households actually paying the Federal income tax may have good reason to feel unduly burdened. Hard to see how 50% of low earners could be paying income taxes if 50% of all households are not.
Or maybe Gallup included a screening question to determine whether the respondent actually paid Federal income taxes, and I am not seeing it in the methodology.