Lots of documentation is now available in the A-Rod steroid suspension case. Here is Team A-Rod's request for a federal injunction; their filing includes (Exhibit A, p. 44 and following) the arbitrator's decision which heretofore had been confidential.
If you are confident that baseball's new drug testing program has this situation under control, the following excerpt from the arbitrator's decision rationalizing A-Rod's passing of eleven drug trests while cheating may give you pause:
The claim by Rodriguez that science exonerates him in this case is not supported by any evidence in this record. It is recognized Rodriguez passed eleven drug tests administered by MLB from 2010 through 2012. The assertion that Rodriguez would have failed those tests had he consumed those PES as alleged is not persuasive.
As advanced as MLB's program has become, no drug testing program will catch every Player. In this case, the blood testing required to detect or had not yet been implemented in the JDA and therefore was not administered during the 2010, 2011, and 2012 seasons. With respect to testosterone, the record establishes that during the period in question it was possible for an individual to pass a drug test despite having recently used the substance, depending on variables such as the route of administration transdermal, sublingual, or intramuscular), dosage, concentration, the baseline value of the individual's natural testosterone to epitestosterone ratio and how soon after use the individual's urine sample is collected."
Bosch testified that he consid- ered several of these variables when developing Rodriguez's protocols, and the BBM commu- nications between Bosch and Rodriguez show multiple exchanges where Bosch instructed Rodriguez to use testosterone at such times, and in such forms and doses, as would prevent Rodriguez from testing positive. For these reasons, the absence of a positive test during the three years in question, in and of itself, does not and cannot overcome the unrebutted direct evidence in this record of possession and use.
So people who don't quite trust, oh, David Ortiz, probably won't be reassured by the news that he has not failed a drug test.